Adult stem cells are undifferentiated cells , found throughout the body after development, that multiply by cell division to replenish dying cells and regenerate damaged tissues. Scientific interest in adult stem cells is centered on their ability to divide or self-renew indefinitely, and generate all the cell types of the organ from which they originate, potentially regenerating the entire organ from a few cells. They have mainly been studied in humans and model organisms such as mice and rats. To ensure self-renewal, stem cells undergo two types of cell division see Stem cell division and differentiation diagram. Symmetric division gives rise to two identical daughter stem cells, whereas asymmetric division produces one stem cell and one progenitor cell with limited self-renewal potential. Progenitors can go through several rounds of cell division before finally differentiating into a mature cell.
What are Adult Stem Cells? | Adult Stem Cell Treatment
CURES that were just around the corner from embryonic stem cells. The pro-ESCR campaign was filled with so much disinformation and hype — willingly swallowed by an in-the-tank media — all in a corrupt attempt to overturn the minor federal funding restrictions over ESCR imposed by the president, and to hurt President Bush politically. After the Bush presidency, the issue became quiescent. And now, it turns out that the clinical advances that have been made are not from embryonic stem cells. During the debate, David A. Prentice — a stem-cell researcher and my good friend — took a sabbatical from his Indiana State University professorship to tout the great potential of adult stem cells and to oppose human cloning around the world.
The primary role of adult stem cells in humans is to maintain and repair the tissue in which they are found. Stem cells are very flexible cells, sometimes considered immature, that have not developed to a final specialized cell type like skin, liver, heart, etc. Since they have not yet specialized, stem cells can respond to different signals and needs in the body by becoming any of the various cell types needed, e. In that sense they are a bit like a maintenance crew that keeps repairing and replacing damaged or worn out cells in the body. Microscopic in size, stem cells are big news in medical and science circles because they can be used to replace or even heal damaged tissues and cells in the body.
Stem cells and derived products offer great promise for new medical treatments. Learn about stem cell types, current and possible uses, ethical issues, and the state of research and practice. You've heard about stem cells in the news, and perhaps you've wondered if they might help you or a loved one with a serious disease.