In each case, the institutions allocate financing through loans and grants. The hard lending windows provide financial assistance, typically in the form of loans on market-based terms. Soft lending windows are financed directly by contributions from wealthy donor countries and are replenished every three to five years. While IFAD does not have separate lending windows, the institution does categorize lending to countries on highly concessional, blend, and ordinary terms. Run by their own management and staffed by international civil servants, each IFI is supervised by a board of governors, a board of executive directors and a president.
The Asian Development Bank's primary mission is to foster growth and cooperation among countries in the Asia-Pacific Region. It has been responsible for a number of major projects in the region and raises capital through the international bond markets. The ADB also relies on member contributions, retained earnings from lending, and the repayment of loans for funding of the organization.
The company also maintains 31 field offices around the world  to promote social and economic development in Asia. The ADB was modeled closely on the World Bank , and has a similar weighted voting system where votes are distributed in proportion with members' capital subscriptions. ADB releases an annual report that summarizes its operations, budget and other materials for review by the public. Upon completion of their study programs, scholars are expected to contribute to the economic and social development of their home countries. As of 31 December , Japan holds the largest proportion of shares at