Four operating facilities also face shutdown on anti-terror delays. TOKYO -- None of the six Japanese nuclear reactors that have been cleared to restart by regulators are expected to become operational this year because of local opposition and delayed safety measures, in a setback to the nation's energy policy. The plan is premised on roughly 30 reactors being in operation. Of the 25 facilities that applied for restart, the Nuclear Regulation Authority has approved the requests for But six still have not resumed operations as host communities remain wary and safety upgrades take time.
Fukushima: Japan will have to dump radioactive water into Pacific, minister says
Is there a future for nuclear power in Japan? | The Japan Times
But the damage from nuclear accidents can be catastrophic, in addition to the challenges posed by nuclear waste disposal. The Fukushima disaster has led to strong opinions that Japan should denuclearize, and this is still the case. For Japan, which lacks fossil fuel reserves, nuclear is also highly advantageous in terms of energy security and supply stability. Japan relies on imports of uranium just like fossil fuels, but only a minuscule amount of fuel can generate a large amount of electricity.
Shutting Down All Of Japan’s Nuclear Plants After Fukushima Was A Bad Idea
Since the oil crises of and , Japan has diversified energy sources by introducing nuclear energy as well as liquefied natural gas LNG and coal. Nuclear is an outstanding power source for mitigating global warming. Considering the CO2 emissions intensity over the entire lifecycle of energy sources, CO2 emissions from nuclear power are very low. Japan's electric power companies have been striving to utilize nuclear power as the key to combining environmental conservation with economic growth and energy security. Because Japan imports most of its energy resources, it is crucial not to depend on any particular energy source, but to seek an optimal combination of power sources in order to make the best use of the characteristics of each power source.
As of February , there are 42 operable reactors in Japan. Of these, 9 reactors in 5 power plants are operating. Though all of Japan's nuclear reactors successfully withstood shaking from the Tohoku earthquake , flooding from the ensuing tsunami caused the failure of cooling systems at the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant on 11 March