When considering the issue of female-to-female sexual transmission it is important to draw a distinction between the risk of transmission by this route and diagnoses of HIV infection in women who identify as lesbian. There have been only six reported cases of woman-to-woman sexual transmission, and these reports need to be viewed with the same caution as any other case reports of transmission through oral sex cunnilingus. In the early years of the epidemic, investigations of the source of infection in US women failed to identify any cases of female-to-female transmission. For example, a follow-up of all women identified as HIV-positive through the blood donation services in the US interviewed women, and identified only three who had had sex with women.
Sexual and reproductive health of women living with HIV in Southern Brazil
Vaginal sex intercourse involves inserting the penis into the vagina. Some sexual activities are riskier than others for getting or transmitting HIV. Activities like oral sex, touching, and kissing carry little to no risk for getting or transmitting HIV. In addition to HIV, a person can get other sexually transmitted diseases STDs like chlamydia and gonorrhea from vaginal sex if condoms are not used correctly. Even if a condom is used, some STDs can still be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact like syphilis or herpes. Hepatitis A and B can also be transmitted through vaginal sex. If one has never had hepatitis A or B, there are vaccines to prevent them.
Salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres viviendo con VIH en el sur de Brasil. The sample consisted of women. Differences were observed in number of pregnancies and number of children. History of illicit drug use was more frequent in the year age group, and exchanging sex for money was more frequent among women years of age. This sample of women living with HIV treated in specialized public services in Southern Brazil showed a socioeconomic profile and sexual behavior that did not match the pattern typically identified in the process of "feminization" of the epidemic with a majority of poor women with low schooling and a limited number of sexual partners.
Shirley K. Thornton 1 , Karen J. Johnson 1 , Raouf R. Arafat, MD 1 , M.